Pekingese

The Pekingese is a small dog with a big attitude and a strong character. Representatives of this breed are so courageous, elegant, gracious. To ignore them is impossible, especially when you consider their desire to be seen and to catch admiring glances.

Brief description

Pekingese – dog breeds, the sole purpose of elimination of which was to obtain perfect Pets and companions.

In accordance with the standard of this breed:

  • large, slightly flattened between the ears the skull;
  • short and wide elongated snout; moderate bite;
  • flattened and rather broad nose, the tip black;
  • large round and slightly bulging eyes, the iris is of a dark color;
  • heart-shaped, set high, drooping and covered with feathered ears;
  • massive, short neck; short body, almost straight back;
  • limbs short, stout and bony, front slightly turned outwards, the rear set are close to each other;
  • high set tail.

To disqualifying defects include cryptorchidism, obesity, albinism, chocolate coloration, depigmentation of the lips, eyelids, and nose.

Origin story

The Pekingese is one of the ancient dogs that originated in Ancient China 2 thousand years ago. The origin of this breed is shrouded in mystery, there are several legends told about the origin of these unusual dogs.

One of them Pekingese – a love of the damned, an evil sorcerer and rescued by Buddha lovers, the other says that these dogs are descended from the love of the butterfly and the lion.

Throughout its history, people have used the Pekingese just for fun and joy. Representatives of this breed in Ancient China were considered virtually sacred animals, worshipped them in the temples and considered them a symbol of prosperity.

These dogs lived exclusively in the palaces, were the favorites of emperors and close to the people who had their own servants and received the best care.

Representatives of the lower classes were forbidden to keep the Pekingese, the violation of this prohibition severely punished and killing a dog was the death penalty.

Once in England, this breed won the hearts of local breeders, but still, due to the high cost of the puppies must remain accessible only to rich people.

In English, the exhibition Pekingese first took part in 1893, and in 1900 the first kennels of this breed appeared in Germany and the first breed club was opened in America in 1909.

Traits

Pekingese accustomed to attention and especially reverent attitude. They need comfort, care and, most importantly, the undivided attention of the owner.

However, these dogs are able to catch the mood of the people, and if you feel that the owner is angry or distressed will not be imposed.

Representatives of this breed have a calm and balanced character, they are not inherent aggression and destructive behavior.

They prefer a calm atmosphere and rhythm of life, therefore, do not find a common language with children, games which full of energy.

With other Pets, they may get along, but only on the condition that they will not take away all the attention of the owner.

This is essential because the Pekingese was ambitious and jealous, lack of attention can lead to aggressive behavior.

The Pekingese is an intelligent and smart, but very stubborn headstrong, jealous and proud dog. It is noteworthy that despite the strong attachment to the owner, representatives of this breed with no problems a short stand-alone, but if no one is around longer than a few hours, unable to fall into depression, refusing food and water. Also note that even though these dogs and can get along with other pets, it is better if they will not. The fact that Pekingese are selfish and prefer no one to share the attention and concern of the owners.

The pros and cons

In an unusual, attractive appearance and incredible gentility specimens have the following advantages:

a calm and balanced character;

fearlessness;

the lack of aggression;

devotion;

the possibility of keeping in small apartments.

The disadvantages of the Pekingese are:

stubbornness;

pride;

jealousy;

dislike of children;

abundant shedding.

In addition, these dogs need careful and painstaking care for wool.

Principal

Pekingese look different, but that’s only because the breed standard allows many variations of the color of their hair. The breed has no formal division into subspecies. About the so-called varieties of Pekingese saying only fans.

Dwarf or mini Pekingese

Born in a litter from standard animals, and their tiny size not more than a genetic defect manifested to 8 months.

Mini Pekingese for anything, except size, do not differ from the standard of the breed, but breeding can not participate, in some cases, permissible mating males.

Suk dwarf Pekingese not knit, as there is a risk of death during pregnancy or childbirth.

However, these dogs are popular among dog owners, many of whom argue that it is a mini Pekingese more intelligent, sociable and friendly.

Royal or Imperial

Such “successful” individuals are Pekingese, perfectly meets the official breed standard.

They are called the Royal or Imperial only to attract more attention, therefore, is nothing more than a marketing ploy.

The dog handlers belong to a single species all purebred Pekingese.

Color variations

In accordance with the standard coat of the Pekingese can be fawn, black and tan, black, white, sable, mottled, two-tone (parti-color).

The exception is dogs with albinism and individuals with a coat of chocolate color.

PLEASE NOTE!

Black pigmentation around the eyes, lips and the nose points to the correct breed.

Color is created by the individual combination of the undercoat with the coat color. The basic tone depends on the color guard hairs, a shade from the undercoat.

Features power

The diet should be balanced and contain all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals. What will be the feeding – natural or based on industrial feed – does not matter. It depends on the preferences of the owner.

When a natural feeding menu must include:

  • beef offal;
  • lean meat;
  • cereals;
  • vegetables,
  • fruits,
  • and herbs;
  • marine fish;
  • low-fat dairy products.

It is forbidden to feed Pekingese:

  • sweets;
  • cakes;
  • bean;
  • potatoes;
  • citrus;
  • fatty meat;
  • meats and sausages;
  • river fish;
  • pasta;
  • bones.

In this type of feeding the dog must be given a vitamin and mineral complex.

The advantage of the industrial foods that they are easier to handle and store, they require no time to prepare food for the pet and additional vitamins and minerals as part of a quality feed with all the necessary macro – and micronutrients.

Pekingese should buy food not lower premiums.

The most popular product brands Royal Canin, Acana, Orijen, Happy Dog, Artemis, Almo Nature, Canidae, Brit Premium.

Health and major diseases, life expectancy

Representatives of this breed are considered very healthy dogs with a strong immune system.

However, there are a number of diseases, which are particularly vulnerable to the Pekingese:

  • urethritis;
  • diseases of the heart valves;
  • the displacement of the intervertebral discs;
  • tumor of the perianal glands;
  • eversion of eyelids;
  • ulcer of the cornea;
  • cataract; keratitis;
  • dislocation of the eyeball;
  • epilepsy;

breathing problems (snoring, wheezing, shortness of breath) caused by a brachycephalic skull structure.

In addition, the Pekingese may develop an allergic reaction to food, insect stings, drugs, dust, mold, pollen.

On average, the Pekingese live 13-15 years, some species live up to 20-22 years.

Size and weight

genderHeight at withers, cm Weight, kg
Male
15-253-5
Female
15-253,5-5,5

Training a dog and taming

Training Pekingese, despite the sharp mind and intelligence of this breed, is challenging.

From the owner need maximum endurance and patience, the only way to approach a pet, because of yelling and physical punishment he is regarded as a disrespectful attitude that will lead to an absolutely opposite result.

Because Pekingese are not working dogs and don’t have a hunting or guard instincts, most of the commands required to other breeds, they are out of date.

Representatives of this breed are sufficient to develop the basic commands such as “sit”, “come”, “place”, “fu” and “impossible”. Although, of course, the puppy should be taught to own the nickname.

Conduct training preferably in the form of a game, encouraging pet after each correctly executed command.

Particular care

To care for a Pekingese isn’t too difficult, but it must be done daily to pet’s have always been beautiful and healthy.

The coat and bathing

More efforts are required to care for the coat of these dogs who need a daily carefully comb massage brush and a slicker brush. This will allow you to get rid of dead hair and avoid tangles.

Exhibition of specimens can not be cut, the maximum that is allowed by the standard trimming of the coat to give the dog more of a manicured look.

But if the dog participates in exhibitions, it can be cut for easier grooming and will allow the pet to better tolerate the heat.

As for bathing, then wash Pekingese can be no more than 1 time per month using a shampoo and conditioner for long-haired dogs. After washing, the pet must be dried.

Ears

Weekly inspect and clean the ears of sulfur and dust by special funds or hydrogen peroxide and cotton swabs.

CAUTION!

You cannot enter the cotton swab too deep – there is a risk of damaging the eardrum.

Claws

Claws need to be trimmed guillotine claw cutter on their growth, on average every 2-3 weeks. This should be done carefully so as not to hurt the blood vessels.

Eyes

A daily wipe with a cotton pad soaked in tea brewing, Romashkova broth or a special medium. It is important to be careful not to accidentally injure the cornea.

Teeth

Several times a week to clean with a special brush and toothpaste for dogs and give your pet chew toys and treats – this minimizes the chances of plaque formation.

Popular nicknames

The gender of the dog Name
MaleChuck, Charlie, Jack, Archie, Lucky, Leo, Ottoman, Chip, Tao, Oscar, Hey, Toby, Jim, Gucci, Marseille
FemaleBarbie, Umka, Bead, Snow, Mary, Stella, Belle, Daisy, Mae, Alex, Bonia, Yumi, Cleo, Mia, Champagne

How to choose?

To buy a puppy should be in a specialized breed kennel where breeding is involved in professional breeders that can ensure the health of your future pet and, if necessary, to give advice on feeding and caring for him.

IMPORTANT!

Before buying the puppy must be inspected to ensure no obvious symptoms pathologies such as skin rash, increased lacrimation, unpleasant smell from the ears, discharge from the nose, etc.

In addition, it is important to ensure its compliance with the standard, pay attention to the behavior and appetite.

To choose the gender of the puppy should be based on the purpose of the purchase. So, for participation in exhibitions, it is better to buy the dog because the coat is often bough shed and looks unpresentable, and for breeding more suitable for girls.

Owner reviews

Veronica for 5 years as mistress perfectly boy Pekingese Toby. He’s a really wonderful – calm, relaxed, and true aristocrat. I don’t know why everyone says that Pekingese don’t like children, my Toby loves the grandchildren when they come to visit his eyes changed, becoming much more active and fun. I am more than happy with them and I do not regret that of all the breeds I chose the Pekingese.

Margaret Lucky My soon to be 7 years of age, even afraid to think about the fact that he lived half of my life and it’s so soon may not be. Lucky isn’t just a dog, he’s my friend, companion, loyal and faithful companion. He and I never had any problems: the toilet used quickly, furniture or shoes is not spoiled. The only thing it was hard to care for hair, I was even thinking to cut his hair, though it was a pity such a luxurious fur coat. But eventually I got the hang of it, combed regularly, by the way, he quietly suffers all this, and the problem was solved.

Catherine did Not know all Pekingese such or do I have something special, but Jack – he was still a prankster and a bully. On the walk, if we meet another dog, without conflict is not enough. Recently he got into a fight with a bulldog. In the heat of the combat, Jack fell right eye. My shock is beyond words. Called a taxi, took him to the vet, the doctor said that in time, otherwise, it could have been bad. But I still love this little dog, I don’t know how I lived without it before.

Samantha Alexandra is a very quiet girl. I gave it to her daughter 5 years ago when I retired. I always wanted a dog, but because of work couldn’t afford, and retirement of time you can spend with your pet. Samantha several times a day walking in the Park and near the lake, she loves to chat and play with other dogs.

Summary and conclusions

The Pekingese is calm and even phlegmatic dogs who do not need long hours of walking or physical activity, no specific care.

All they need to feel happy attention and love the owner. Representatives of this breed are the ideal Pets for people who are accustomed to a calm and measured way of life.

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